Basil belongs to the garden herbs. In the Basilica of everything that you see, it is completely delicious, pleasant, spicy aroma. The value of the leaves is the full set of useful vitamin C, B1, B2, PP, as well as with a small composition of essential oils.
Often basil planted in strategic locations to deter various pesky insects, such as – flies or mosquitoes. And not least – the insecticidal properties of the plants used in the protection of other useful plants from pests such as aphids or spider mites. To do this, simply plant basil in a handy pot and put it near the affected plants.
People from different countries for a long time know about the properties of healthy and tasty basil leaves. As a medicinal plant it immediately used to stop a headache or as a means to rinse sore throat.
Basil belongs to a series of annual, spicy, vegetable plants. The maximum height is 80 centimeters basil. Always with a lot of leaves, which is densely spud plant. See flowering basil can be from mid-July to early September. Ripe seeds in appearance a small and storage is subject to up to 5 years.
Terms of basil growing in the open field
For the cultivation of basil you need only select the most fertile soil for other plants will grow poorly or general will not grow. Cold negative impact on the plant. Low temperatures can kill it altogether. The best place will always be perfectly illuminated portion.
Basil seeds for seedlings sown, as a rule, only at the beginning of April at the latest. For seedlings for a small box or a pot of well-watered soil mix. Seeds are planted at a depth of 1 cm, sometimes half a centimeter, and the distance between rows keep about 5 cm. Then we put the box in a warm, well-lit place where the air temperature is less than 20 degrees. At this temperature, the shoot will watch over 5 days. The next step is the beginning of transplanting basil in pots and then to a permanent place in the garden.
We are used before planting the seeds, soak them. With these seeds you can not carry out this procedure, and you should always keep the soil in a box in a wet state, to prevent drying out. In no case can not be used for watering the cold water, only warm! Cold water contributes to the appearance of the disease – blackleg. If you do not regret the cold water and the total amount of water in general, blackleg will need additional, the measures taken. To combat blackleg pour all the soil in a box with a solution of copper sulfate (mix half a teaspoon of sulphate per liter of water).
Permanent place basil in the garden is necessary to choose correctly, taking into account the fact that basil can grow at the same place every time. Best option – to return the plant on the old place only in ’10 cultivation.
Planting in open ground begin in late May. At the same time try to choose for planting is a cloudy day or when the sun is not strong fries. Then carefully pour all the plants.
Care basil, all the secrets
All care of basil throughout the season will be just around the soil clean of weeds and loosen the ground at times. And of course – to water, about 10 times during the growing season. You should be aware that frequent watering favorably influence the emergence of new leaves. The first month of the plant has been very bad, because it develops slowly gaining strength. Best option for the first month of cultivation, it is if you plant Coverings such as blankets film to maintain a warm temperature and retain moisture.
Cut greens should be before the start of flowering, when it cut the leaves and branches up to 10 cm. Prior to full circumcision proceed only in the flowering period, at which time the green gets the maximum taste and smell.
In cooking, used both fresh and dried leaves, branch of basil. It gives a unique taste everything, what you have thrown it.