Boer meat goat breed that is often confused with the superficially similar Nubian goats, the main difference is the purpose of animals. Boer goats are raised for meat production only, since dairy signs are poorly developed, and Nubian treat meat dairy. But apparently they are very similar: same drooping ears, long legs and high growth; homeland they are also one – South Africa. The breed is derived from the early 20th century, and quickly began to spread to other continents.
Meat quality is transmitted through the father, so if you keep on the farm a few big and strong he-goats, even from the little goats are born of mothers with good meat performance and greater weight. Boer goats are hatching kids only 5 months and feed them milk for about 3 months. By this age is almost the same breast milk Boer goats can gain up to 35 kg live weight. Adult goats can weigh up to 135 kg, and goats – about 3 kg.
Another difference from the Nubian goat lies in the nature, Boer goats are much calmer and quieter. They are easy to control and does not have to intervene in the fight. Most individuals of this breed have a medium thickness wool white, only on the head part can be painted in brown. Boer goats with hair of other colors can be found much less, but they still exist. The udder is a comfortable anatomical shape and most of the nipple 4, although in most other breeds of goats are only 2.
Building a strong body, a large, dense with well-developed muscular system. Most clearly looked through the muscles in the chest and back. Boer goats Chest deep and wide, the neck is thin with a slightly sagging skin, a small head, oval, slightly flattened on the sides. The limbs are long and strong. Under good conditions of detention, goats gaining weight for a long time. Virtually no ill newborn or an adult, resist any pests and diseases. Another positive quality that allowed the Boer breed spread throughout the world – is a high level of adaptation to any weather conditions. Yet in the cold is better not to let the goats for a long time, because the body is not accustomed to low temperatures. Much better Boer goats survive the heat, they do not suffer from high temperatures and the lack of large quantities of water, it almost does not affect the productive qualities of the goats.
The best restaurants, supermarkets, markets Boer goat meat has a lot of popularity and demand, so the price for it is quite large, and this is another reason to breed these animals in the home. Meat has an incredibly sweet taste and has a very pleasant smell, which is a bit like veal. But we must also be aware of the fact that the most delicious meat is obtained only from pure-bred or mixed with blood of other species does not exceed 25% of goats.
Young Boer goats quickly reach sexual maturity: at the age of 5 months, they are ready to mate. With this age are able to fertilize goats goats a year. Young goat usually results in only a kid, and in subsequent years – 2. at first goat kids fed her milk and care for them. All of Boer goats developed maternal instinct perfectly.
From the Boer goat milk is almost impossible, to slightly increase the amount of milk they crossed with the Nubian breed. But it is extremely rare, because the milk produced is still small, and the palatability of the meat is reduced, so many still prefer purebred Boer goats.
During the summer, Boer goats need Besides grazing outdoors. Animals gnaw virtually any herbs, even shrubs. Some resourceful farmers are specifically run them on the territory which must be cleaned of weeds, bushes and tall grass. Boer goats need plenty of food, so if you do not have good pasture near, you will need to invest in a large number of additional fodder, and this may well have hit on the wallet.
Character in Boer goats are very gentle and calm, so these animals can be found in national parks, exhibitions and festivals, because they are not aggressive like to communicate with people and do not create a lot of noise.