Breeding guinea fowls at home

Guinea fowl - a description, photos. Characteristic for the maintenance of the house

Guinea fowl – a description, photos. Characteristic for the maintenance of the house

Цесарка – это достаточно симпатичная на вид птица. И, к тому же – разведение цесарок в домашних условиях не такое сложное, каким оно кажется на первый взгляд.

Корпус цесарки овальный, на голове рогообразный нарост белого цвета, клюв – розовый, массивная шея, хвост коротковатый, направлен в низ, лапы серые, иногда розовые. У самца голова крупнее. По оперению птицы встречаются серые, голубые, белые. Серые и голубые перья имеют белые пятна, а белые – покрываются блестящими вкраплениями. Маленькие птенцы цесарок окрашены в коричневатый пух, на животе он намного светлее, чем на других частях туловища, красные клювик и лапки. Взрослая особь весит от 1,7 до 3 кг. Одна самка за год может снести от 90 до 160 яиц. Птенцов можно пускать на тушку, начиная с возраста 90 дней, тогда их вес достигает 1,2 – 1,3 кг. Яйца самка откладывает желтого цвета в 45 г с достаточно толстой скорлупой. Благодаря этому, яйца могут долго храниться и не пострадают во время перевозки.

Bred guinea fowl mainly because of their meat, which has an incredible taste and quite fleshy carcass itself.

Guinea fowl breeding and contents home

Birds perfectly adapt to any climatic conditions. Guinea fowl found in poultry houses, reminiscent of chicken coops, winter release them for a walk in the warm litter next to the chicken coop. Using lighting, light day for the birds in winter is increased and it allows to speed up the process of laying eggs, and sometimes even increases. With the arrival of summer, guinea fowl better contain roofed with grass to walk on. The rules for eating guinea fowl few other than chickens, the first feed grain, feed in pellets.

On one male should account for 5-7 females in the pack. At a time when females lay eggs, they are placed in a separate fenced premises and only allowed to walk after laying eggs.

As a rule, guinea fowl, when the delay of 20-30 eggs begin to hatch them, but if it is let out for a walk – it will continue to lay eggs. Principle binge guinea fowl such as hens. Display the chicks in the incubator, the incubation period lasts 27-28 days. Before reaching the 30 day-old chicks contain them warm, heated rooms, it is desirable even for an electric heater. The chicks room temperature should be 22-24 °C, and the heater near 33-35 ° C. Later, heat young chicks do not. When executed 30 days, and the weather is good, placed in adult individuals, if the grass is wet from dew or rain, the young guinea fowl can not be released. The first feed guinea fowl chicks from the incubator is sour, ground corn, wheat, bran. Starting with 10-15 days of life, are fed 3-4 times a day with grain, and mixed 2-3 times products. Mineral feed must be kept in containers for food. When the chicks will be two months, they begin to feather, brown color feathers are replaced on colored as in adults, but then there are typical for these birds earrings and a comb. The chicks are growing quite quickly, in 2 months already weigh 700 grams and more. In three months, subject to a feeding broiler chickens, weighing up 1-1,1kg.

Devitalization guinea fowl is the same as for chicken.

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