Representatives of the Russian trotting breed horses were created using the method of reproductive crossing. In this process participated Orlov Trotter and American Standardbred horse breed. Then a new generation of livestock succumbed careful selection and divorced each other in order to achieve truly high performance. Approximately in 1949, represented the breed was officially recognized as a special and independent species. At the moment, Russian trotting breed is often used for repetitive processes reproductive crossing, such as stallions, which were originally bred in the United States, such actions are trying to improve the quality of speed and agility. Animals have certain characteristics thanks to which they can be easily distinguished. Do pets powerful and massive constitution, the body dry and relief. The head of the muscular, in profile, livestock straight or slightly convex shape, expressed a clear top line, deep chest and arched; Sure enough dry with a small brush.
Studies have been conducted among a few of the Holocaust in order to calculate the average indicators of external dimensions. The results of these data were presented: the growth of 155cm to 160cm; oblique body length from 160cm to 165cm; chest girth of 180cm to 185cm; pastern region in girth – about 19 cm-20 cm. Compared to horses Orlov, Russian trotters slightly inferior, but if you compare them with the American breed, the livestock markedly superior. The execution speed of instruction in Russian trotters are much higher than that of Orel. The best record at a distance of about 1 600 m interval was recorded in 1991, at the time of the Russian trotting becomes 1.56.9 minutes, and Orel members needed a little more time – 1.58.4 minutes. In the territories of modern horse racecourses represented species are found in all parts, as are very popular. In addition, they could succeed in mass horse breeding, where they play the role of improving other pets.
Among the variety of horses you can often find representatives who have clearly expressed characteristics riding. This factor explains the process of atavism to the original species, because that’s what they were used as the creators of the two Russian trotting breeds. The foundations of Russian Trotters are a few different varieties. The greatest Asian horses participated, further in the ranking of European and American diversity. Consider all breeds, which only have the sacrament to the creation of Russian trotters or gave them their own qualities: Akhal-Teke, Arabian, horse thoroughbred horse, Trakehner, Orlov-rastapchinskaya, Holstein, Friesian, Standardbred (able to transfer more attributes), French Trotter, Morgan, a plurality of types of Spanish, Neapolitan, Danish, German and Dutch. As we can see, in order to create a similar kind, which would have the same unsurpassed quality, it took a lot of effort and a large list of other species that contributed to the creation.
In today’s world, you can often see the use of Russian trotters for passage of roads with obstacles, where the horses themselves very successful show. The ability to horses because of the unusual structure of the limbs in the back of the field, with the help of these features, they can jump quite high, starting just a few moments from the beginning of the obstacles, even when pets are moving at high speed, they do not shed their pace. Since the Russian trotting created a furor in the different equestrian sports, their needs increased significantly. Even the best horse trainer acquire thoroughbred horses of the variety, or at least those with blood, although used a little bit of blood there is trotting. The horses that participate in competitions and compete for the honor of Italy, Brazil or America, has long been staffed by representatives of the variety, the percentage of Russian trotting in teams of not less than 90 percent. Pet nicknamed “Kid Zhopelyu” with the growth of 155 cm, which has become the undisputed champion in the Olympic Games in 1988, it has a trotter blood in a ratio of 3: 4 (the French blood trotting horse), and 1: 4 – pure blood. Also representative of the Brazilian national team that became famous all over the world – Toy Boy is also blooded trotter. List of known pets around the world who have had blood trotter or some percentage trotter blood, is very long. Especially highlighted Russian trotting and Oryol animals that were able to successfully demonstrate their own ability on the passage of the track with obstacles.
Externally, one can distinguish several types of trotters that are different for the coat color. Most of the pupils has chestnut coloring – about 42%, further down the list are the animals with the raven color – about 24%, not often you can meet the horses with gray wool – close to 18%, while the smallest number of representatives of this species has a red color – close to 8% .
Recently, on pets we conducted many experiments aimed at different types of enhancements that were not in vain, because now the horses can boast of agility personal characteristics that were significantly modified when compared to the original. In the first half of the 20th century, in 1917, tested the quality of playfulness animals at a distance of 1600 meters, the pupils were required 2 minutes and 8 seconds (this record was a mare named sorry in 1910). In 1916, a stallion named Taglioni, was able to pass a distance of 3200 meters in 4 minutes and 24 seconds. Presented records were recorded until 1917.
From that moment on, when the representatives of the trotting horses, all kinds of equestrian sports, which won high quality agility, gaining popularity, this is what was the inspiration for the development of more agility and vitality in pets. It took more than two centuries, from the moment when the idea to develop the pupils. At the moment, there are many experienced breeders, who are happy to share practical and theoretical knowledge in this field. Furthermore, conditions have been improved racecourses, keeping horses. The new rules appear in hippodrome tests become better training and different techniques. All this in order to progress your favorite pets. In order to harness the horse was able to travel a distance of 1600 meters less than a 2-minute, requires good preparation, the ability to carry heavy voltage and good synchronization of all parts of the body.
There are two different periods in the individual training with horses trotting blood. The first of them – the factory, the second – Ippodromny.
Factory training begins often in winter, when imported small horses, aged from 10 to 12 months. Kids are taught immediately to the crew, or rocking, they are taught to walk in a harness and develop obedience to no further problems with submission. After the onset of the autumn time, when horses reach 1,5 age, they go to dressage. This process is necessary to strengthen all the learned earlier to secure a free trot, and accustom to a simple management (meaning the combination of human speech understanding with horses). Lynx should be well worked out, the movement of lynx clearly and confidently. The whole period of factory training includes basic training horses during such training is necessary as it is possible calmly and kindly to convey to all pupils, need to communicate is always good, without reproach and comments, since kids are very sensitive. Passage of factory training ends in the spring, when the animals reach the age of two, after which they are sent to the racetrack.
Training on the racetrack is the second step in the complete formation of the horses trotting species. It starts with the preparation of test capabilities. Biennial horses perform in a variety of cross-country races, naturally trial, which rules match all the features and abilities of animals. Further levels similar races are increasing, so there is a serious approach to the projections. When the training is over, and the horse is already able to compete for prizes on their own, it is taken to the high levels of competition.
Due to the hippodrome of equestrian sport competitions trotting representatives receive prizes that are divided into two categories: group or simple and traditional. When a pet has achieved success and earned the traditional prize, then he picked up respectively sex, age category and, in fact, the variety.
For example, representatives of Orel, reached the age of four, established a prize the memory of PN Kuleshov and leopards, for the passage of 1600 meters. At a distance of 2 400 m for all members of the trotter was installed two memory prize O. Witt and Big Union prize named after SM Budyonny.