Spring wheat, sowing

Proper instruction for sowing of spring wheat in the fields of Ukraine, Belarus and Russia

Proper instruction for sowing of spring wheat in the fields of Ukraine, Belarus and Russia

Before you start planting spring wheat, you must carefully sort out all the seeds and to select among them the largest. In order to achieve in the future a good harvest, be sure to ventilate the selected seeds, and then send in the air and solar thermal heating in addition the family is subjected to etching to further prevent the disease bunt. Procedures are the health effects on the seed.

Periods when the spring wheat sowing takes place in advance is required to differentiate on the basis of precise placement, as well as whether the conditions for planting. Experience shows that the most appropriate time interval for planting when the first field robots begin. For example, on a multiple of the territories, as the regions of the Urals, Siberia and North Kazakhstan region, the fields which are characterized by abundant clogging wild oats require a later sowing in time to destroy all weeds overgrown, repeating the process several times cultivation. When it comes to late seeding (eg, the second half of May), in the moment when the crop requires the most moisture, and it happens in the second month of summer, harvest, under the influence of the July rains, getting enough moisture, indicating that the utility late planting. Despite the advantages of rain, at certain times it can also badly affect the crop, because there is the risk of not maturing spring wheat.

Experienced gardeners known that the best way is to close drill seeding or planting crossover method. In this process seeds lie at a depth not exceeding 3.5 cm in areas with sufficient humidity and for a depth of 6-8 cm drier regions. In order to achieve high-quality outcomes and a large crop of wheat, it is necessary to know the main rule: for each square meter plot sowed approximately 300-450 ears, it is suited for the southern or south-eastern regions. With regard to areas with good soil moisture, then there sits 500-650 seeds per square meter. By calculating precisely the necessary sites for planting and, in fact, the number of seeds, turned the average rate of spring wheat seed, which equals 4-7 million seeds manifested either as 120-230 kg / ha, which depends on the territorial conditions for planting. Specifically, the initial number of seeds should be substantially higher than the future number of germinating stems before harvesting is carried out, since not every grain of dates, but only 60 or 70 per cent of the total sown.

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