Types of fungi, breeding methods, useful and harmful

Useful information about mushrooms. All you need to know as a new mushroomer

Useful information about mushrooms. All you need to know as a new mushroomer

Mushrooms – not plants and animals, and special representatives of the kingdom, which covers more than 100 thousand species, which include fungi, mold and yeast..

Fungi, unlike plants for growth and reproduction needed in the finished organic food. The green pigment chlorophyll allows plants to synthesize nutrients from the energy of sunlight. Fungi lack chlorophyll and therefore receive nutrients from plants and animals.

A variety of mushrooms

species of fungi in the pictures, useful and edible mushrooms

species of fungi in the pictures, useful and edible mushrooms

On Earth, there are more than 100 thous. Species of fungi. Some, like yeasts, are composed of a single cell, but most forms numerous fungal filaments (hyphae) called mycelium. They grow inside the body, which serves them as a food source. Many fungi settle on plants or in soil, which helps to break down the tissue of dead plants and animals.

Methods of propagation of fungi

Reproduction of mushrooms, how to apply mushrooms

Reproduction of mushrooms, how to apply mushrooms

For breeding mushrooms thrown into the air tiny spores. Some fungi, such as mushrooms and toadstools present form large fruiting bodies, which contribute to the spread of spores. Other filamentous fungi produce long stems with sporangia on top. After landing in a favorable location, the spores germinate to form new fungi. The microscopic fungal spores surround us constantly.

Useful mushrooms

The beneficial properties of mushrooms, mushroom use in medicine, the treatment of mushrooms

The beneficial properties of mushrooms, mushroom use in medicine, the treatment of mushrooms

Some mushrooms bring a lot of benefits: contribute to the breakdown of dead remains of plants and animals that serve as raw materials for production of medicines, such as penicillin antibiotic. Certain types of yeast used for making bread and alcoholic beverages. There are edible mushrooms, but to distinguish them from toadstools containing a deadly poison, it is sometimes extremely difficult.

Harmful fungi

Mushrooms can grow on food waste, paper, wooden buildings and damp clothing. Fungal diseases harm and even kill the plants, in particular culture, such as potatoes and strawberries. Some fungi bring a lot of trouble to humans and animals, causing fungal diseases.

Tags: use of fungi in medicine is the treatment of diseases and useful properties of edible mushroom, interesting information novice mushroom, bad properties that can be found in the mushrooms you like multiply and spread exactly what mushrooms can harm a healthy adult or child.

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