Today, the genus of the family of Malvaceae abutilon has between 150 and 350 species (varieties) and sub-evergreen plants, common in tropical and subtropical regions of the globe. Some of these human activities endangered species. Another was more fortunate, they received a residence permit in the garden and indoor horticulture. Let us dwell on the most famous and the most decorative ones.
Most natural abutilon (potted maples), such as Abutilon parvulum, wrightii, malacum, angulatum, grandifolium, is unlikely to attract the attention of small buttercup-like flowers. However, there is a very remarkable species that became the progenitors of today’s popular varieties and hybrids abutilon.
First, we note A. hirtum and A. incanum as holders of an orange-brown flower midway.
A. incanum – the only native Hawaiians, low spreading or erect shrub 0.5-2 mm with small bluish leaves and tiny flowers – less than 1 cm.
Hawaii also grow rare and protected species:
- A. eremitopetalum – plant from 60 cm to 3.5 m tall, with hidden petals, which stick out from chashelistikovo only stamens and pistil.
- A. sandwicense. Its height of 1.5-3 m, has the largest species among natural flowers. Petals green apple with brown tips.
- A. menziesii. It abutilon increasing from 60 cm to 3 m, with a beautiful silvery-green rounded leaves. The flowers are small, usually bright red, but there are also other colors: orange, pink with white at the center, cream.
- A. ranadei (or abutilon Ganty Mudra) – a beautiful, but also endangered species from India. It has a huge potential for decorative: flowers thin, graceful, as if made of paper, broad leaves, heart-shaped, palm-sized. Scrub the entire height of 1-1.5 m.
- A. tridens – view from Guatemala, the owner of the bright little flowers with long stamens pompon. It is a huge bush with large leaves lopuhoobraznymi.
- A. insigne known since 1850. Homeland Colombia and Venezuela. Creeping kind of corrugated, dark-green leaves and beautiful, with wide, dark purple flowers, bells with almost black veins.
- A. vinogradolistny (A. vitifolium) – creeping shrub of 2 m tall, with whitish trunk, blue-gray leaves and cream-colored or lilac flowers up to 5 cm in diameter, on long stalks. Introduced to the UK from Chile in 1838 and caught only in the gardens.
- Abutilon x suntense – even more beautiful, but capricious and slow-growing outdoor plants 1.8-4 m tall with large lilac flowers up to 10 cm in diameter. This is the result of random mating A. vitifolium and A. ochsenii – a rare South American species imported to Europe in the middle of the XX century. Subsequently, on the basis of this hybrid were obtained hybrids of other shades: ‘Chalk Blues’, ‘Jermyns’, ‘Violetta’, ‘Alba’, ‘Ralph Gould’ and others.
- A. megapotamsky (A. megapotamicum) – ampelnoe or poluampelnoe plant native to Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. Suitable for outdoor containers, hanging baskets and garden vases. In nature increases to 2.5 m long. For the indoor cultivation is not suitable in the best way, as each year gives a significant boost, sparsely blooms and poorly amenable to the formation. There are variegated forms and numerous hybrids okolotsvetnikami- “caps” in various shades: ‘Kentish Belle’, ‘Challo’, ‘Ines’,’ Orange Hot Lava ‘,’ Pink Charm ‘charming and alabaster, but has not yet made it to Russia’ Bartley Schwartz ‘.
- A painted (A. pictum) or striped A. (A. striatum) – abutilon tall (3 m) with different leaves and single flowers in the form of large bells with bright mesh veins. The most famous modern varieties: Abutilon x hybridum ‘Savitzii’, ‘Tiger Eye’, and ‘Red Tiger’. There are hybrids with double flowers, for example, A. pictum ‘Victorian Lady’, received an unknown breeder in the early XX century. In A. pictum common variegated forms, since it is more exposed to other types of virus mosaic spot.
- A. Sello (A. sellowianum) – the so-called “grandmother” abutilon. This unpretentious, fast-growing plant with slender drooping branches, requiring support. With enough light blooms with small bright orange bells all year round. There are variegated forms.
- A. Theophrastus (A. theiphrasti) – a large species with small yellow flowers and huge velvet heart-shaped leaves. On the one hand this pernicious weed, spoiling crops of cereals. On the other – a valuable culture that serves as a source of fiber for the manufacture of tarpaulins, ropes, ropes. From seed obtained valuable technical oil.
- A. Darwin (A. darwinii) – first cultivated abutilon, it was his in 1837 in England brought the famous botanist and director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Sir William Jackson Hooker. This plant with velvety dark green leaves and large trelopastnymi drooping flowers, bells, often pink hue. At home in Brazil grows up to 2 m. With the help of crosses with A. pictum were obtained compact and colorful hybrids such as ‘Eric Lilac’ (with large crimson bells) and ‘Nabob’ (dark red abutilon, nicknamed “black” ). Anyway, the “grandfather” A. darwinii was the ancestor of most modern hybrids.
Among the fans of indoor plants are especially popular abutilon Hybrid (Abutilon x hybridum). Under this name combined plants resulting from accidental or deliberate crosses different abutilon. More recently bred American series Bella F1 presented the most compact, well-branched and profusely flowering hybrids in height from 20 cm to 40 cm. They are ideally suited for indoor cultivation. Rotate corolla up to 10 cm in diameter. At home, this series hybrids bloom from February to November, the flowers are kept for weeks on the plant. Among hybrids Bella has a stable and well-known: ‘Bella Vanilla’, ‘Deep Red’, ‘Deep Coral’, ‘Apricot Shades’, ‘Salmon Shades’ and a little detached ‘Kirsche Orange’.
Apart Bella series on the shelves you can find the seeds of a hybrid abutilon Bellevue (Abutilon Flowering Maple Bellvue). It is less successful for indoor cultivation medium tall hybrids (up to 1 m) with flowers, bells, 4-5 cm in diameter, of all shades, often with contrasting dark or light veins. These abutilon little branching, are difficult to build and more suitable for annual cultivation in the open ground or tubs.
There are a few lesser-known series of compact hybrid abutilon, for example, Lacky Lantern, with recognizable curled petals and pleated Crepe de Chine. In addition to the series received a number of successful distribution of the individual “bellapodobnyh” abutilon hybrids for the garden and house, such as the sun ‘Victor Reiter’, unevenly colored ‘Pink Blush’ and colorful ‘Rosalinda’.
Cognitive read: The first imported to the Old World abutilon had absolutely velvety green leaves. But in 1868 one copy of another party appeared variegated. Unusual plants have multiplied vegetatively, and soon it acquired enormous popularity among gardeners. The phenomenon of leaf spot at first seemed puzzling. But very quickly it opened harmless abutilon mosaic virus carried by Brazilian view whitefly. The bright spots – are areas affected by the virus.