Mushrooms – not plants and animals, and special representatives of the kingdom, which covers more than 100 thousand species, which include fungi, mold and yeast..
Fungi, unlike plants for growth and reproduction needed in the finished organic food. The green pigment chlorophyll allows plants to synthesize nutrients from the energy of sunlight. Fungi lack chlorophyll and therefore receive nutrients from plants and animals.
A variety of mushrooms
On Earth, there are more than 100 thous. Species of fungi. Some, like yeasts, are composed of a single cell, but most forms numerous fungal filaments (hyphae) called mycelium. They grow inside the body, which serves them as a food source. Many fungi settle on plants or in soil, which helps to break down the tissue of dead plants and animals.
Methods of propagation of fungi
For breeding mushrooms thrown into the air tiny spores. Some fungi, such as mushrooms and toadstools present form large fruiting bodies, which contribute to the spread of spores. Other filamentous fungi produce long stems with sporangia on top. After landing in a favorable location, the spores germinate to form new fungi. The microscopic fungal spores surround us constantly.
Some mushrooms bring a lot of benefits: contribute to the breakdown of dead remains of plants and animals that serve as raw materials for production of medicines, such as penicillin antibiotic. Certain types of yeast used for making bread and alcoholic beverages. There are edible mushrooms, but to distinguish them from toadstools containing a deadly poison, it is sometimes extremely difficult.
Mushrooms can grow on food waste, paper, wooden buildings and damp clothing. Fungal diseases harm and even kill the plants, in particular culture, such as potatoes and strawberries. Some fungi bring a lot of trouble to humans and animals, causing fungal diseases.
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