Boletus mushrooms popularly also known as porcini or mokhovikov, but the mushrooms – this is a separate genus of fungi belonging to the family of boletovye. Among the approximately 300 species of boletus (there is even a non-edible, toxic and deadly poisonous species), lovers of mushroom known hornbeam (other names – oak, bronze Rudyakov or fungi), as well as white mesh mushroom (Boletus reticulatus).
The fungus has long been used in food, in taste it is in no way inferior to other fungi, for example, white. This type of fungi susceptible to cultivation in home gardens.
Favorite habitat boletus mushrooms of sort – it is the oak and hornbeam forests with a warm climate, common in temperate climates. Mushrooms – the best facilities “mushroom hunting” for beginners, because they are difficult to confuse with poisonous.
Externally boletus edulis different color cap – it is almost black, especially in young mushrooms. Its shape is round, like a ball – young mushrooms, and is flat at the boletus that are ripe. Normally, the skin of fungi in the hat is very smooth, but sometimes come across mushrooms with a grainy surface. The very flesh is white, but mainly in the culinary business – rich mushroom flavor, perfectly complementing the dishes.
The tubular layer of the young boletus has a lighter shade from mature mushrooms it acquires a yellowish tint. If you press on the back of the cap, where the spore-bearing layer (gimenefor) remain green spots, unlike the pink stain fungus gall (a distinctive feature, for those who still confuse these types).
In the Caucasus and in the Krasnodar region is very common edible boletus net, he found even in the North America and Africa. In contrast to mushroom borovik bronze, this fungus has a light hat, leg a little smaller, and the smell of borovik surprising notes of walnut astringency. To find it, you need to look under the beech trees of deciduous forests – hornbeam, chestnut, beech and oak, as net boletus loves bright edge.