The presented variation refers to pig breeds unusual because Hungarian mangalica piglets divided into several lines, depending on the primary color suit. There are three different facial features pigs. These include red, white, and a mixed coloration. Most of the animals of this breed are white type of pet is registered from 75% to 80%. Unfortunately, other varieties represented species are on the verge of disappearance. For example, black mangalica red mangalica, mangalica with the inherent color of the swallows and others.
To distinguish these pigs is quite simple. Outwardly, they have thick and long bristles that abundantly cover the entire area of the body. Often very thick beard covering appears in the winter period and for the duration of spring pets inherent white and silky hair, which is twisted. Near the eye area and in the area of the stigma, pigs saturated black spots.
Hungarian Mangalica pigs were bred in the first half of the 19th century, approximately in 1833. The creation of species studied Hungarian Royal Archduke named Joseph, that in order to create the kind provided by breeder crossed wild boar with homemade local pigs. New Hungarian breed has in the genetic reserve at least forty percent of the wild relatives. Outwardly, from ancestors, passed pets are the same strips that were inherent in the wild representatives. Due to the fact that the original to create a breed were chosen good genes, tallow and meat products is a high-quality pets and breeding itself – very profitable. The most common process for further processing of the products is considered to be drying rocks that pretty popular on the Hungarian territory.
In the country areas, Hungarian Mangalica very respected, so pigs are native, except that they are protected, that is protected by, the authorities. Famous as a rare breed of fat that among all the pork fats are very popular. If you compare this with other breed, if other popular breeds of meat type, mangalica has a greasy characteristics. This is due to the fact that the lean meat extract of the species is virtually impossible through a large number of fat accumulation. But despite this fact, Hungarian mangalica produces high-quality fat, which is characterized by richness and a special aroma, and meat product popular presence sebaceous veins.
Introduced a variety refers to the unique and the only in the territories of the Hungarian land. This is explained by the fact that among all the ancient Hungarian pig, which only bred in private farms, it mangalica grown and progressed, that, in fact, happening now. In the first half of the 19th century, it was recorded peak of popularity of the breed, the highest number of animals living on the territory of the Carpathian region, pigs with great pleasure bought and planted. The Hungarian regions mangalica the maximum number of divorces during the 19 th and 20 half-centuries. For the period of 1942-1944 years, the number of livestock species represented hovered around 29-33 thousand. At the time, various meat, tallow, bacon and salami products are highly valued in all world markets. Originally breed breeding was common in monasteries and monastic estates. Fattened animals into the forests at various churches. Only in the late 19th century, the use of tallow increased, therefore, breed livestock has increased significantly, the level did not fall until the second half of the 20th century. But later the popularity of varieties rather quickly began to fall to the minimum, it is explained by a decrease in the quality of taste, as well as the fact that pig meat production valued more.
Representatives of the Hungarian breed is often referred to as “curly”, as pigs have Ukrainian roots and, although very distant. Before the hostilities of World War II breeding pets popualizirovalos in Transcarpathia, and often engaged in cultivation of Hungarian ethnicity. Pets are well adapted to walking the pasture, so were tending the pigs on the mountain valleys, meadows, where next to him as cows grazed. Unfortunately, by the time the war came to an end, most of the representatives of the Hungarian curly were killed, only a few pupils left in Romania and Hungary. For example, in present-day Hungary, and today there are shepherds who kicked all rural dwellers pork on pasture, so his old and good tradition. Animals have good intellectual abilities. So, they can easily remember the way, what does not yield a horned cattle. In addition, pigs have a good immune system, endurance, it is inherent in rapid acclimatization and adaptation. Rumor has it that for centuries the Hungarian Mangalica can survive in semi-wild conditions, and quite easily.
Consider some of the exterior features of pigs. Pets have a sufficiently massive body; powerful bone system; bristle cover a rich, dense and long winters and, more brittle, frizzy in the spring. pets often recognized as the woolen pigs.
Earlier, during the 20th century, practiced a nomadic type of grazing breed, that so far has given the consequences. The fact that animals in limited dilution conditions, i.e. can not be livestock pastures impossible. Pigs simply need constant motion, this is a good development and production. The fact that the Hungarian Mangalica need to graze and eat forage that grows on the pasture areas due to the close genetic relationship with wild ancestors. Anyway, quite unpretentious to the pig diet. They easily can eat the cheapest feed, zhomom, various bran, waste from the production of alcoholic products is called vinasse, acorns, chestnuts, pumpkin waste, sugar beet, as they use grass clippings, roots, weeds, snails, even fish or frogs, then It is, like ordinary omnivorous pig (way too wild a sign, because, in the original herbivorous pig line).
Wild genes manifest themselves in processes of winter survival. We know when it gets cold, pigs can independently build for themselves a hole and insulate its various plants. It would seem that a good quality for wild small animals, but because the breed is constantly trying to domesticate such actions are considered unacceptable. This also affected the survival of the mass destruction of forests in the intervals of the 18th century. Introduced a variety of excellent feel in the pastures, but as soon as winter comes, pigs immediately contain special houses, where the fact that they dig a burrow itself – does not bring any harm. In fact, all the time that the animals spend in the pastures, the owner did not have to think about food, because pigs get their own meals, but in winter you need a good stock. Independently compiled nutritious diet has no effect on the quality of the meat or greasy products, by contrast products have good taste, because virtually all of the time animals spend in the open air, without artificial droplets pests. In the summer of pets behave interestingly enough, if they are too hot, they will constantly swim in the mud baths, and in winter – bundled up warmly as possible and comfortable.
Productivity presented different varieties of organic and natural. Products considered to be more healthy and tasty compared to other breeds. Meat animals tend to be digested quickly, which is associated with a large composition of unsaturated acids and vitamins. In the production of pigs Hungarian Mangalica fully affected by the fact, where they live, what to eat, even what they drink. In that case, if pets are kept in restricted areas, and their diet piece – it is silly to expect an intensive and high-quality production.
Meat products are popular because of the presence of the characteristic sebaceous veins. The most popular uses is in the European countries where the typical name for the product – bacon. Often, product processing Hungarian farmers use drying method. This process takes 15 to 20 months, but the results are worth waiting. After the products have a characteristic unusual taste, delicious flavor. Products Hungarian Mangalica pig is considered an expensive delicacy, especially after the drying procedure. After all, this procedure takes a long time exposure that is justified by the taste and tender texture.
Currently, active breed is bred in the territory of Ukraine and Russia.