With the advent of autumn, it is time to prepare the pond for the winter, and on how carefully and wisely you spend this work, and depends on the amount of trouble you expected in the spring, when the ice melts, coating the surface of a pond. In early autumn, such ancillary items as a pump, lights and other carefully disconnect, clean and hide until spring. This is perhaps the easiest part of the job is finished.
The hardest thing to have fish and plants that live in the pond. If your pond is small, certainly with the advent of cold weather it is completely covered with ice, and the design of retaining water in the pool, broken, in a pond in the winter and drain the water in all the wash, the same rule applies to buildings constructed of plastic. Do not leave water in the swimming pools of concrete without a special protective layer, or the ice formed in the concrete cracks, it will break and hurt the entire tank. Just great if been established and built the water drain system and the container has an opening for her descent, or use an electric pump, a garden hose or a conventional bucket. After cleaning the pond made of concrete from water, fill two-thirds, or even better in half with water. So you can protect your pond from freezing all full, that would be in the water due to precipitation in the form of rain, snow, frost and created a block of ice will melt slowly. And if you fill the pond with water a half, freeze only its upper part.
If suddenly the winter was quite cold, and you’re worried that the water be chilled to the very bottom, then do the hole in the ice and using a pump to pump out the water 7-8 cm and close the hole, and now the water is not deep freeze. Plants put in special containers, where they spend the winter, water lilies and the other deep-sea plants are placed in a vessel with water, and so keep them all winter, you will need to be careful that the water covered them completely. For the avoidance of depletion of water lilies, keep them where they have the necessary heat and light and more likely to change and clean water. Determine what they enough light, it is easy, just need to make it so that those leaves of water lilies under water, not growing very fast, but at the same time does not rot. Okay, with plants and a pond, we have understood. And what to do with fish, you ask? If your pond has a depth greater than 1.5 m., The fish may well spend the winter in the pond, but then you need to constantly ensure that they are constantly fed oxygen, and for this purpose, in the ice drilled holes and inserted back aerators. The holes need to be done more frequently, then the fish will be enough to move even the air will be useful in the pond reed stalks in the fall of his whole not cut. The large pond at the end of autumn, using a rake to clean herself capacity. If a very large pond, the boat, and if medium-sized – that on the beach, collect all the leaves, the attackers there, but be careful not to touch the places where the plants grow, which will spend the winter.
If your water lily, egg capsules and hornworts are frost-resistant species, they can leave for the winter in the pond, such aquatic plants as a lysichiton, arrowhead, lontederiya are thermophilic and they should take care if you want to spring back to see them in their own pool. Therefore, move the pots with them in the deepest part of the pond, where the water does not freeze, and the types of plants that are more tender varieties, put in barrels with a little water and put in a room with t 10-15 ° C and change the water once every two weeks. For plants in the pool was enough lighting, regularly remove the ice from the surface of the snow attacker.