Representatives of the Akhal-Teke horses are among the most ancient rocks that belong to the cultural type. These pets directly influenced the creation and adaptation of horses such as Arab, thoroughbred horse, which is also called the English race ( «Thoroughbred») and many others. Compared with other representatives of the horse riding varieties (Thoroughbred, Arab and other thoroughbreds) Akhal-Teke is considered a benchmark of this riding. Such beliefs are accompanied by the fact that for this kind of approximately five thousand years not used to what some reproductive crossing and not mixed with other varieties. Akhal-Teke are known for adaptations to the most extreme climatic conditions, especially well suits them dry hot climate, but also to other conditions of pets quickly acclimatized.
Presented horses have an extraordinary appearance, in their wonderful images can fall in love at first sight. They are characterized by original forms of the body, the extraordinary beauty of the coat, and most importantly – a thoroughbred pedigree.
Consider the exterior characteristics of the variety. Animals are inherent: relief and dry the head part, small size; profile is different, common s profile convex frontal part (called half-hooked), another type of hook-nosed profile and the latest standard – flat, the smallest number of pets owned Description concave profile. Two well-known professors, working in the field of horse breeding – VA Shchekin and KI Gorelov, claiming that the head representatives of the Akhal-Teke breed set accordingly neck angle which becomes about 45 degrees vertically opposite, and often even more vertically, similar phenomena no in any other species of horses. The elongated neck portion and a small-sized head interconnected trim line, which is also held in front of the lips level, and often it goes to the highest point of the withers, this is also the original idea of the breed. Similar features do not occur in horses of the Arabian breed or purebred. Medium sized ears, their unusual shapes and very sensitive to everything. The eyes are large enough and very expressive eyes. The nostrils are large, and the distance between itself ganache quite significant. The neck region is different in length, it is very elegant, direct and highly placed.
Horses are highly placed withers. The chest is not big, deep enough. The edges are straight and dry. The limbs are long and relief. The dorsal region of elongated and flexible. In the lumbar region is poorly developed relief. Croup fully flat and is low in comparison with other species. Femoral part elongated, well-developed terrain. The front area of the trunk at the Akhal-Teke horses a little too narrow, front limb narrowly set, is found inside of the legs, clubfoot, and saber. All views on the limb-dried and strongly expressed muscularity, appear well-broken tendon. Poor development of the wrist. Kozinets extremely rare. The shoulders are elongated and tidy. The pastern is very short, almost invisible. The hooves are small, you can often observe low supply toe. Completely absent fringe, mane, tail, besides liquid and shields. The colors of the coat are varied. Parts of all there are such colors like shades of bay, gray, dun, raven or red palette. The features of wool in horses is their smoothness and silkiness that looks like a metallic luster. Hairs are short and mild, pleasant to the touch.
Although representatives of the external characteristics of the breed among the many unusual and their horses can be easily discerned, pets also have certain drawbacks exterior data. For example, the rib cage, which is very poorly developed, it is not sufficiently large and too small. Limbs too long and extended that over time adversely affects the back, the last drawback is minimal bony.
Since ancient times, animals are constantly carried in the military campaigns, they were used in raids, skirmishes, each time a person trust your partner, the horse did not fail, and showed himself as a courageous and proud pets. Not just how to behave horse, dependent life, so if the pets were not so, you can rely on, they would not trust and do not use for important situations. All times horses have the glory of combat troops Turkmen friends, own livestock owners are able to defend the “flesh and blood”, but if you translate the expression on the horse’s language, they protect ‘hooves and teeth. ” All these qualities have emerged thanks to the Akhal-Teke area, which grew and developed the original copies. In extreme climatic conditions in the territory of the Karakum desert, dry, where the first plants that appear in the initial stages of spring burn on the offensive last spring month, provided the horse lived. The nomads, who were engaged in horse breeding, could not hold the large influx of horses in the pastures, because there was not enough fodder, and sometimes they are nonexistent. Therefore nomads was invented independently grow plants on such land plots, which could be constantly monitored and watered. Horses herds were kept on a leash by dividing them into groups of two or three pet and feed animals from the hands to a certain amount each battered. Owners Tekins constantly looked after their own horse favorites, so the horses have a peaceful character traits.
Even in those days, when the dry ground of the desert is not allowed to grow animal feed, all the best, though in minimal quantities, was given to pets. Forages were useful and high-calorie, they include: barley (higher grades), dried alfalfa in bundles choicest cakes, which are pre-lubricated mutton fat. When the march horses were exhausted, Turkmen invented a special way to give pets forces, their mouth completely stuffed with bacon.
In the diet of horses of this breed has special rules to ensure that in all actions that require pets, they can feel good show. All that time, when the animals were kept in the territories of their breeding places, they develop features in the content, you also need to adhere to special rules in Activity training. All previously performed processes and the area had a great importance on the appearance of the pupils and the conditions under which it is recommended to maintain them. Dry and hot climate provoked a dry and well-developed relief of horses. In addition, pets have become very hardy and not demanding of conditions of life or power. Their main diet all the necessary material, ie, the quality of food and food additives should be high. Despite the fact that the animals consume a lot of fat, their exterior appearance is impeccable, without fat accumulation.
When the horses had to be outdoors in cold temperatures, make sure you had something warm pets. Previously, this was done with the help of favorites covering cloths, made of felt mats, the animals do not freeze. If the climate was very cold, we save horses, plants in the yurt. Newborn horse grows into a full-fledged family with mom dad, they were surrounded by the warmth, affection and care for that, growing up, pets thanked caring owners.
Adult pet that has grown in good conditions, has an elegant and delicate nature, pets feel all the emotions and try to help as much as they can. Animals possess a high level of intelligence, they are proud and are not used to exhibit feelings on display to those who do not perceive. Tied the horse to someone is not fast, so they need to make an effort to please. When the owner was able to become not only the owner, but a true friend to the representative of Akhal-Teke, the horse will be able to serve faithfully, for the honor and the life of his friend’s pets are ready to advance in the hardest fight and fight to the last, defending the owner in every way, even when it comes to of their life.
Especially good famous animals good qualities riding. Horses move in harmony, soft and elastic step, whereby not tired riders. For the Akhal-Teke is not a problem to deal with the child, because of their peaceful disposition be sure that the baby can not get anything wrong until he was under the guidance of horses. Although endurance and resistance breed in different situations, in any case can not offend them verbally, because any rudeness or contemptuous actions horses immersed in depression, so be ready to surrender, because to stand up for the honor of their own pets know how. If you compare the training of representatives of the variety with the conduct of training of other sport horses, Akhal-Teke requires an individual approach and special schedule. In general, to perform all commands flawlessly animals will not, therefore, expect them to complete obedience is not necessary. Asking an experienced rider, working with many even warmblood horses, how to tame these horses in vain, because everybody knows about the difficulties of training and working with the students. Only a true professional can make friends and get animals to do anything, but it requires a lot of patience and imagination. Already prepared for competitions Akhalteke pets are able to show the tricks that are not even the best horses.
Let us consider in more detail, which covers a variety of woolen exist among the species represented. Their basic and standard color often resembles a golden hue. A few years after launch pets were selected the most beautiful colors of wool, these include standard bay, red, gray and black horses. Next in the ranking of bright shades of yellow primary color, dun, Nightingale and isabella colors that occur less frequently. A distinctive feature of the coat the breed is pronounced golden coating. In addition to these animals, like “golden” phenomenon occurs among the Don, Budennovsk and Karabakh species, which in their genetics have the basics of the Akhal-Teke breed. Gold colors are like among species from ancient times, stretch at a time when there were the Parthian and Bactrian horse. In addition, among the variety of species found pets, have the most rare and most original suits. For example, bronze color with bright red tints are often similar to the color of a nightingale, and the area of the mane and tail are dark. Also, rarely are born Akhal-Teke have igrenevym woolen cloak, and come across animals that have on the body or visible spots Sedinko interesting. Will not leave anyone indifferent bright color, original transfusion, or gold with buckskin, or gold with a nightingale or isabella. If you raise the historical facts about the species, it can be seen that for all time the highest number of pupils had gray colorings wool (in the intervals of the early 20th century), as well as the bay and dun-colored (the second half of the 20th century).
Habitat Factor first representatives of the Akhal-Teke species in extreme hot weather conditions helped the animals to increase endurance and the ability to quickly acclimatize, as well as the simplicity to the conditions of detention. Due to the sandy habitat in the past, the horses are well developed gaits. When making any movement, it seems that pupils flit above the ground and gravity does not concern them. Excellent walk and trot facilitated easy movement of animals to areas where there are shifting sands.
The nature of horses represented species are very fragile, they are sensitive and tender, but despite this, the animals without any problems can withstand strong swings of temperature indicators. Will it be -30 degrees Celsius or over + 50 degrees of Celsius, pets are not only able to perform all the necessary functions, but also find time to frolic in the cold snow or hot sands.