Speaking of drones from a scientific point of view, studies have shown their innocence virtually no action relating to the work in the hive or outside their territory. Then the question arises: whether the insects some significance? So, let’s talk about their qualities and indispensable role that bees perform in beekeeping. The drones are the male part bee families. Their main role is to insemination of queens. These insects are much larger compared to the female sex, but to feed and take care of myself personally can not do it for a long time the rest of the bees. Not because, if the drones are lazy or unable to work, as it may seem, insects simply do not have bodies, allowing to collect nectar, pollen, water and propolis. The species is not allocated wax adapted for the construction of hundreds, and to protect the drones have no purpose, they can not resist and sting. They are very important for a large extent in the drafting of families and pairing with a uterus because unfertilized eggs may not be capable of the workers bees. Mission drones unsafe, although it did not seem at first glance. Up to six months (the maximum range of insect life), they live extremely rare. The main reason was the pairing of flight, resulting in striped off of the genitals and the drones die. But this is not the only threat to males, in an attack on a family of striped bee are protected for queens, brides settle their abundant and predators are substituted in this way. Besides their unemployment and parasitism as there are limits. For bees, the drones workers need only during the breeding season, so in the autumn, they become worthless at the termination of the swarming, and later expelled all of the families and die, because personally get food necessary for life can not.
To confuse the male part with the female insect is virtually impossible, at this kind of large spherical creatures with huge eyes, broad wings and striped coloring. Compared with women have short and flattened cells. To create drones have special bracket-cell fertilized seed comes from the uterus seminal receptacle. Such a cell is much more than usual, and after hatching feed for about three days, royal jelly. And on the fourth day, begin to absorb perga honey mixture. In general, little or no distinctive signs of the usual food fertilized larvae. Differ, except that the sealing timing of cells that occur on a day later than the other, and then continue to develop throughout the 18 days. After this interval, and the drones hatch 12-15 day become adult. Even with a fully developed reproductive system insects looking for a mating of queens, who are in the same quest. To do this, the drones always carry a decent amount (eat about 41 mg / h) of honey to maintain a normal diet, but enough food for a short time due to the extravagance of the male bees. It has been studied that one individual in the bee family consumes up to 4 mg / hour. For the calculations of scientists 1 kg (about 4000 insects) drones on average for 24 hours using 400-540 g of honey, and the number is growing month to 16-15 kg. The number of drones in families of all different (250-3 000 tis.), It is not surprising that in the period of their uselessness bee-workers do not continue to support them, but even minimal activity of insects is important. The lack of evidence of the impossibility of drones fertilize the eggs, without which the preparation of the bee family is unreal.