At present, there are about 200 different species of cactus. Mammillaria also belongs to the genus of prickly plants and came to us from the arid regions of South and North America.
Mammillaria long been grown in our area. Some of its variants prefer higher temperatures and dry air, while others prefer a moderate temperature and moisture. And those and others are united resistance to changes in temperature during the day and at night.
Even today, scientists can not count the exact number of species mammillaria, an approximate figure – 500. A common feature is the presence of pimple mammillaria of which grow thorns. They can be very long or with short; sharp needle or a soft and fluffy, and their color depending on the type is different. Generally plants are small spherical.
When it comes to flowering time, from a pimple there are small flowers, which are arranged in the form of a wreath on top of a cactus. Color flowers can be of various colors, after falling off the flowers appear berry red or pink color.
Grow mammillaria at home quite easily. This is the most unpretentious plant of all the cacti and besides, often blossoms, even very young.
Cactus mammillaria, care at home
Mammillaria be planted should be on the sunny side to fell a lot of sunlight. All the plants love the sun, but the temperature conditions may be different. There are plants that feel good at 25-28 degrees, while others prefer a more moderate temperature – 20-22 degrees. Mammillaria winter slows down the processes of life, temperature control can be set at the level of 12-15 degrees above zero.
It is important to plant a lot of fresh air. You do not have to moisturize it, it will be enough watering. Like all mammillaria cactus does not need frequent watering, and in winter is generally better to give up water. The most abundant watering should be done during the summer months.
Immatures need to transplant frequently, but adult plants grow slowly and do not require frequent transplant. The soil for planting mammillaria you can buy in a store or prepare the mixture itself. In equal parts is mixed turf ground, sand, crushed brick and ground sheet.
To save and decorative effect, mammillaria best propagated by means of seeds.
The most common disease is the root nematodes that damage the root, so that plants die very quickly.