Euphorbia (Euphorbia) or spurge – it is perhaps one of the most common plants of the family Euphorbiaceae (Euphorbia). The number of species has nearly 2,000 plants. Feature species in that they can not be completely similar to each other because of the fact that there are practically every corner of the world. There are species that need to be warm all year round, while others are adapted to more rapid changes in temperature.
As a houseplant commonly grown species native to warm continents (America and Africa). Plants have special additional tissues that hold moisture well, so do not suffer from a lack of water for a long time. Euphorbia refers to succulent plants. At home, they are easy to clean and unpretentious.
From the diversity of species of milkweed simply scatter eyes. There are species that for a long time and is very beautiful in bloom, others are very similar to cacti. A conventional green bushes may differ diverse form sheet.
Despite the diversity of species, it is what unites them – the white juice. In most plants, this juice is poisonous, is distinguished only by the amount of poison in the stem. If you inadvertently become the custom, and the venom will penetrate the skin or mucosa, it can form severe burns. If the juice gets into the stomach, the case of strong disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. The substance that causes such a strong reaction called euforbin. For this reason it is best to refrain from milkweed growing in room conditions, if a family has children or animals.
Euphorbia plants to create the perfect floral arrangements, it is durable, so it can keep its shape for a long time and not lose decorative.
The best known species of milkweed
Perhaps the most common and spectacular plant that is grown indoors – or poinsettia Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima). The plant is valued because of an incredibly beautiful flower, which is usually formed in late December, early January. The leaves are bright green, pointed at the end, hiding under the big red leaves, which looks very similar to the flower and grows in the form of stars (because of this plant is also called Christmas star). And the flowers are actually on the background of a very inconspicuous: small, yellowish. There are varieties in which the top leaves can also be white or pink.
Euphorbia Resinifera (Euphorbia resinifera) has no resemblance to its previous conspecific. This plant is more like a cactus: tall shrub (about 1-2 m in nature) with cylindrical sheets, on the edges of which are placed thorns. This plant does not need any special conditions, unpretentious.
Euphorbia hypericifolia (Euphorbia hypericifolia) popularly called “Diamond Frost” because of its delicate white flowers. Euphorbia ampelnoe grown as in hanging pots because of long and thin twigs that with the onset of the flowering period is transformed into a snow-white ball.
Mile Euphorbia (Euphorbia milii) – is a plant with small thorns that grow on thick stems. The leaves are dark green, oval on the background of well-allocated very small but bright flowers of red, yellow or pink. Young plant has a lot of flowers, and the bush is very lush and beautiful. The peculiarity of the plant is that the older they become, the more turns in the dry shrub with thorns. The people also generally called the “crown of thorns”.
Euphorbia fat or plump (Euphorbia obesa) – is a plant which is popular because of its unusual shape. Despite the absence of spines, this type of milkweed is more like a small round cactus. The stem itself is not present, it is formed in the hemisphere green with gray or brown tint. The leaves are absent.
Krupnorogy Spurge (Euphorbia grandicornis). The form of this plant really looks like a deer horn leaves it appear very rarely, and only on young shoots. Large thorns grow on the edges of the stem, flowers spurge krupnorogy small, yellow flowers.
Euphorbia Trigona (Euphorbia trigona) – named because of the shape of its trunk, which consists of three faces. Plants high, on young shoots often appear small leaves that fly around over time.
Euphorbia tirucalli (Euphorbia tirucalli) – differs from other types of leaves and the lack of thorns. Stems woody plants like green columns. Under natural conditions, it can grow up to 9 m.
Euphorbia white zhilchaty (Euphorbia leuconeura) – a popular crop for cultivation in the room conditions. The ribbed, long barrel, on top of which grows several long dark-green sheets.
Euphorbia quite unpretentious in its cultivation, it can start and amateurs, and professionals.
In the period of active growth (warm months), the temperature should not fall below 20 degrees, when the plant is in a state of sleep (in the winter), and the temperature should be much lower – 15-16 degrees.
A prerequisite for the normal growth of milkweed is sunlight. At room conditions suitable southern window, and if you can make the summer the plant into the open air, it will be even better. Lack of light can adversely affect the development of: the plant will stretch and weaken.
Most species do not require additional humidification. The sprayer can be used to gently get rid of the dust on the trunk and leaves. Watering should be as drying of the soil. Most importantly – do not pour.
To increase was active, and the plant is strong, can be several times a year (except winter) to fertilize the special mixtures or preparations fertilizer for cacti.
If the plant is of the type triangular and the like, then over time you will need to transplant the plant in a large pot in which the plant will hold well, and the roots will be spacious.
To create a new plant, you need to break off the handle of the parent and its root in moist soil.
Pest and disease resistant spurge.