Gasteria is a representative of succulents family asphodeloideae (Asphodelaceae). For this plant is characterized by long tongue-leaves are dark green in color with light spots over the entire surface of the sheet. Outwardly, it looks like their relatives Haworth or aloe. The usual habitat – South Africa, the plant is unpretentious and persistent dry.
Leaves with a tongue-round or long shape with smooth edges and sharp tip. The plant develops in particular, when the leaves are small, they form a couple, is located two-row and more mature plants are combined into an outlet, and the leaves are arranged spiral. For leaf characteristic white pattern, which depends on the plant species. It may be more rounded as spots or long strips.
Flowers in gasteria very long and beautiful. Small flowers are collected in racemose inflorescence of red, yellow or orange. Another feature of the plant – a swelling at the base of the flower. Externally very similar to Haworthia Gaster and petals different: in the first all the petals fused, and the other half only.
Gasteria has many kinds, so that you can pick a flower for every taste. Small or big, with different leaf shape and color will look very nice in your home interior.
Scientific literature indicates about 100 species of plants, but generally can distinguish about 75 – 80 species of plants. How to define them, or at least be distinguished from very similar haworthias not an easy task.
Professionals know that the young plant is sometimes very difficult to attribute to a particular mind, because significant differences begin to appear only with age. Form leaves, color, pattern on the leaves may change significantly after purchase gasteria. This situation can occur very often, and all because of the fact that different species can interbreed and produce hybrid. This happens very often, even in the natural environment. Define or simply guess the kind of plants is difficult, it is not necessary to do this, because any kind of Gaster perfect.
Common species gasteria
The popular view – gasteria spotted (Gasteria maculata) – the average height of the plants (about 30 cm). The leaves are long, tongue-shaped, rich dark green color with light spots, on the tip of the sharpening. Small flowers are collected in a rare brush, bright red in color with green edges. The plant grows slowly, only a few centimeters per year.
Gasteria warty (Gasteria verrucosa) – the most popular houseplant. From -this form is also often referred to as “deer tongue.” Length of leaves up to 10-20 cm, covered with small white dots. The flowers are deep red with green rim.
Gasteria lovely (Gasteria pulchra) – differs little from gasteria spotted. The plant is less than with narrower leaves and bright colors.
Gasteria Armstrong (Gasteria armstrongii) – a very unusual kind of пasterшф. It is easy to identify because of the short and round leaves, which almost lie on the ground. Pink color flower.
Gasteria two-tone (Gasteria bicolor) – long, dark-green leaves, and the tips are pink, the plant forms a whole bunch, as they grow older, the oldest leaves fall down.
Gasteria marble (Gasteria marmorata) – a plant with broad, round leaves marbled green with small silvery spots.
Gaster is not very capricious, so it’s a good choice for beginners and busy people. This plant came to us from countries of unfavorable conditions: drought, poor soil, so gasteria accustomed to extreme conditions. Yet to the plant does not just exist, but properly and nicely growing need to adhere to certain rules.
Gaster not tolerate a very dark room, the preference is better to pass the places where the bright sunshine or in partial shade. Good place the plant near the southern windows. Do not be afraid of reddening of leaves in the spring, this is a seasonal phenomenon, as gasteria adapt to the increase in sunlight.
Do not forget gasteria in the winter on the balcony, the minimum temperature which can move the plant amounts to 5 degrees of Celsius. But in time the summer heat feels great.
The abundant watering is not needed. In the summer should be watered as the soil dries, and even less in the winter. In a further humidifying the air does not need.
Gasteria root system increases rather quickly, so you need to change trains. The younger the plant, the more often. But you need to transplant mature gasteria with 2-3 year intervals. It is best to carry out a transplant in the spring.
Though gasteria and suhostoykoe plant, but the earth in the pot you need to loosen good pass water and air. If you buy ground separately, the land suitable for cacti.
Gasteria multiply yourself is very simple: with the help of seeds, suckers and leaf cuttings. The most convenient way – vegetative propagation of the side shoots. They are simply separated from the main plant and transplanted into another pot.
Are vulnerable to a variety of insects. Good gasteria check the availability of aphids, scale insects, spider mites. The sooner prevent, the less damage the plant will suffer.