Breed Alpine goats had the same name with the place of origin – the Alps. On the exterior is very much influenced by the fact that the breed is native to the mountainous terrain, it is well known that in order to keep stable on the slopes you need to have great strength and grace, and are united in the Alpine breed goats. Another incomparable plus, especially in extreme conditions, is a high level of adaptation, strong immunity and positive. If we combine these strengths with the productive qualities, then get one of the most common breeds of goats worldwide.
No less popular is the Alpine breed goats, which was perfected in America. There she came from Western Europe about 20 years of the last century. Specialists worked on in order to further increase milk production in animals of the Alpine breed and it is really successful. To succeed experts selected only the best individuals and Toggenburgskih Zaanen rocks. Due to get a little bigger and more productive Alpine goats American style than the European.
Due to constant efforts to improve dairy goats, changing their color, so you can meet these basic versions of the Alpine breed: Rock, British, Swiss, French, and this is not the chapel. Interestingly, even if the goat and the goat were white, the small goats can be completely different colors and shades, so save some color is almost impossible. For such ability Alpine goats got another funny name – Mnogotsvetik.
If we talk about the external body building, then it is characterized as a strong, strong and dense. a medium-sized head, the trunk is not too large, the limbs long and graceful. On his head erect ears and dark eyes. The neck is not too thin, long. Hooves durable and strong, able to easily move around the mountainous terrain unstable. As for color, the only true sign of the breed does not exist. The only thing that we can say, is the fact that the classic Alpine breed is not completely white, as many believe, and has its own specific characteristics. Wool white should primarily be on the neck, and then calibrated in a darker color diligent to gray or brown. The main thing is smooth gradient that must go from light to darker. Thus, in addition to the classic Alpine goats can also select such varieties: bay, magpie, sandgou, Paid, issued January ku, which differ only in coat color.
Alpine goat – this is a great option for keeping at home, because they are unpretentious food, produce large amounts of milk and bring to the light of healthy kids. Alpine goats have well-developed maternal instinct, they may long to take care of their offspring. The lactation period lasts for a long time, the maximum – 3 years that produces milk in large quantities all year round. Alpine goats can be milked without any technical devices, as the udder has a very regular shape and the nipples are placed very conveniently. Milk has a specific taste if Alpine goats have in normal conditions, a moderate fat content – 3.5%. With these qualities, this breed is one of the most common in the world and is in great demand and popularity.
To feel comfortable in the mountains, it is easy to experience adverse weather events, alpine goats have to be very strong and large. Adult goat grows more than 80 cm at the withers, and the goat of more than 75 cm, weighing 62 and 78 kg in line. It really is considered a fairly large size for goats, but this does not prevent them somewhat. The goats give birth to relatively large and healthy goats, which quickly begin to rely on the legs and graze with his mother. Most often, a kid born 2, at least 1 and 3.
When the individual Alpine breeds are on the same property, we always strive to show who is the leader, so sometimes may occur slight contractions, which do not bring serious consequences. But to a host of goats are very good, quickly become accustomed and remember the voice of its owner. It often happens that the farmer need to intervene in conflicts between the animals, as the most powerful individual can not keep off the weak to the trough or territory, where the grass is most succulent. For this you need to follow to weaker individuals have not started to lose weight, and as a result will decrease productive qualities.
Alpine goats are valued for high milk yield and good taste of milk. Adult goat for a year can produce up to 1,500 liters of milk, which can be consumed or sold. You can also make cheese, cheese and other dairy products, which have positive effects for the body.
Nowadays, experts are still working on the improvement of the breed and have created many hybrids. One of the earliest is the British Alpine goat, which was recorded in the 30-ies of the last century. This breed is characterized by short dense coat of black color, the other name of the breed, it is known – Black Toggenburgskaya sheep. But in fact, is the name that refers to a very different breed, but apparently very approximate. Almost all parts of the body have a black color, but on the ears, legs and tail have a bright mark, which is very good hungry.
Milk yield a goat up more than 1600 liters per year.