The representatives of the Guinean species of pigs are one of the rare breeds in the United States. For all pets Exterior Features differ markedly from other massive constitution, erect ears and the outer main color animal saturated black. Guinea pigs (guinea hog) apply to domestic varieties. It is often said that the presented species has some relation to Guinea, although the name of the breed absolutely nothing to do with the area. Initially confused even scientists, since the first suspected Guinean representatives was such that the derived species in Guinea, later imported in the United States and West Africa. In fact soon proved implausible and refuted.
Guinean pets own size is staggering, because the world’s pigs represented breed is one of the smallest. In practice, it is proved that an adult representative of the variety has a live weight of about 80-100 kg. The diet of pigs actually only herbal. Animals are accustomed to eat pasture, and from which they take all the necessary substances for growth and development. As a breed that would be useful in the industry, is not a kind of guinea. While pets and feel good pastures, productive qualities Guinean reduced, that is, because of their own compact size and large enough body fat no industrial community are not taken for breeding animals. Parts of all the Guinean representatives live on private landholdings to conservation reserve or genetic breeding experiments. In North America at the moment are bred two lines provided by species, one of which is more in areas of South America.
While most say that the species has been bred in the US territories, some archival facts say the opposite of what the distant roots of the breed comes from the variety that was a lot of centuries ago, brought from West Africa. He brought them, according to scientists at the very ships that transported slaves. Initially pets had a massive relief and the body, the main body color – bright orange, which is abundantly covered with stiff bristles, as well as animals was inherent in the long tail. Even then, when pigs were introduced in America, breeders carried out numerical experiments cross-breeding and selection. The process involved more such varieties: Appalachian English pigs, pets Essex, West African dwarf animals. In fact, when a number of different studies, those pets that were originally brought to the United States, were not similar to the new breed, so all the allegations that members of the Guinean species were carried out were brought from Guinea, automatically refuted.
A variety of American guinea pigs in some sources referred to as black guinea pigs. In the first half of the 19th century, it represented a variety of great interest to the majority of farmers and pig breeders, hobbyists, and then began to grow on demand for the breed. The reasons for that rating, and popularity has grown guinea pigs, is that these pigs can graze as the common grazing cattle, and they pose no threat to the snake, because pets can easily destroy them without having to reptiles absolutely no fear. But on the eve of the 21st century, the presence of representatives of the Guinean species was minimal, so the fact that pigs live and develop so far is amazing. Almost lost Guinean species was due to the fact that there are many different breeds that have a much higher productive qualities and are used in different types of industry, can not be said of the Guinean representatives. Nevertheless, there were a certain group of American enthusiasts, with the help of which continues to live and breed guinea pigs. Approximately the first association was revitalized in the years 2004-2006, which was submitted by the owners of the species. This organization began its own work in the United States.